Conundrum of Taxing Carbon Credits in India


CERs are alike Priority Sector Lending Certificates and Renewable Energy Certificates . REC also known as green energy certificates or tradable renewable certificates certifying that the bearer owns one megawatt-hour of electricity generated from a renewable energy resource. Once the power provider has fed the energy into the grid, the REC they receive can then be sold in the open market as a commodity. Therefore, it is evident that CERs, RECs and PSLCs are the certificates having intrinsic value traded in the market.

The milestone comes at a time when prices of carbon credits are at a record low and do not bode well for CDM projects. The role of CDM itself in a future climate change regime remains uncertain. A constant complaint about CDM projects is that they have failed to meet the criteria for sustainable development. The threshold issue to address in the carbon credit regime is what tax consequences flow from the generation of the carbon credits themselves. Although there is a relatively healthy voluntary market at present, there is almost no formal guidance regarding the tax consequences to a taxpayer upon the issuance of carbon credits in exchange for undertaking a greenhouse gas reducing project.

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Out of 2,026 km road development for ports as identified by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, the work of 652 km is entrusted to NHLML for developing dedicated 4-lane highway connectivity for selected major ports of the country. The remaining length of port connectivity roads is already being undertaken under other components of the Bharatmala Pariyojana. German engineering major Siemens is recording perhaps its best growth ever in India. The oldest multinational corporation in the country has been aggressively bidding for, and winning, contracts across segments, the latest being one for ₹26,000 crore from the Indian Railways.

CERS Historical Price

Further, any person/company/entity undertaking the activity of sale and purchase of carbon credits is a dealer in terms of the definition of the dealer as contained in sub-section of Section 2 of DVAT Act, 2004. The transaction of sale of carbon credits by a person/entity to another person/entity constitutes “sale” in terms of the definition of term as contained in Section 2 of DVAT Act, 2004. CEEW-CEF acts as a non-partisan market observer and driver that monitors, develops, tests, and deploys financial solutions to advance the energy transition. It aims to help deepen markets, increase transparency, and attract capital in the clean energy sectors of emerging economies. India’s carbon market is one of the fastest growing markets in the world and has already generated millions of carbon credits. As you may be aware, all infrastructure companies across India are facing challenging times due to their financial exposure to Banks and Lending Institutions.

For example, developers may be required to restrict deployment of proceeds towards either supporting existing CDM activities or investing in new mitigation activities. If proceeds are used for making new investments in mitigation activities, these should be consistent with the standards of environmental integrity to be determined for the Article 6.4 mechanism. Developers could also be required to monitor and report on the end use of proceeds. In the year 2010, Bangalore Chamber of Commerce and Industry has submitted a note to the Union Government, wherein it mentioned that carbon credits should be treated as services and taxed as such. BCIC has arguedthat CERs are intangible in nature and it is either exported to industrialized countries or tradable as securities on specified exchanges.

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While traders might have turned their back on CFIs, interest in CER futures available on MCX and NCDEX, another key national commodity exchange, has been rising. CER futures allow traders to lock in the prices for the project-based contracts delivered at set dates in the future. They are a useful alternative to over-the-counter CER contracts and allow users to secure transparent prices and to reduce counterparty risk.

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The first option is using global weighted average prices of carbon offsets across voluntary crediting mechanisms to determine the compensation price. Based on market data sourced from the World Bank, these currently stand at around USD 3 per unit. At this level of pricing, the estimated size of the proposed compensation fund is USD 11.7 billion. Concerns that permitting the eligibility of pre-2020 CERs would flood the NDC-related compliance carbon markets and depress prices of carbon credits. To respond to such criticism, a high-level panel was convened by the CDM executive board to give recommendations on ways to reform the mechanism. The panel’s final report, recently released in Bangkok, was expected to offer ways to ensure that CERs of poor quality do not reach the market.

The company was founded in 1991 and is headquartered in Concord, California. A reading of definition of the term”money”under Section 2 of theCentral Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017(“CGST Act”)makes it apparent that CERs are not money nor they are classifiable under specifically mentioned instruments therein. Moreover, use of such certificates as consideration to settle an obligation has not been recognised by Reserve Bank of India.

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Your company periodically reviews the requirement of these employees across various projects based on the need and necessity. The optimal utilization of the human resources with multi-tasking is what is being emphasized across the group. Due to lockdown in many countries, the demand for passenger transport has been adversely hit.

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Alternatively, there is no amendment to section 28 of the ITA defining ‘Profits and gains of business or profession’. In other words, the computation mechanism under section 115BBG may fail in the absence of a charging mechanism under sections 2 or 28 of the ITA. The section does not specify whether it is applicable to a resident assessee or a non-resident assessee. However, in the case of non-residents, taxability arises only to the extent it is attributable to the business connection/permanent establishment in India. Available CERs totalling 0.95 billion, which represent the stock of unutilised CERs out of those actually issued. Out of these units, only 0.40 billion CERs in the form of holdings in the CDM registry represent unsold CERs .

If you’re wondering whether this is a penny stock, you couldn’t be more wrong.

Emitting industries and companies will have the ability to sell their extra allowances to larger polluters, creating a market for carbon. This mechanism aims to deter large emitting companies from exceeding their pre-allocated carbon budget, and reduce overall emissions as a result. Statements in the Management Discussion and Analysis describing the companys objectives, projections, estimates and expectations may be ‘forward looking statements within the meaning applicable under the securities laws and regulations. As ‘forward looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events over which the company exercises no control, the company cannot guarantee their accuracy nor can it warrant that the same will be realized by the company.


The company has said that it facilitates the trading of a million carbon offsets every month. This is often obtained by carrying out activities such as planting trees, or through industrial applications such as using carbon-reducing agents at emission points. Profit before tax for the year is Rs. lakhs for the current year as compared to Loss of Rs.82,085 lakhs in the previous year. A separate company under the NHAI named National Highways Logistics Management Limited has been incorporated to carry out development of the MMLPs and works related to National Highway connectivity for ports. These MMLPs shall act as regional inter-modal freight-handling facilities with mechanized material handling provisions which shall contain warehouses, specialized cold chain facilities, freight /container terminals and bulk/break-bulk cargo terminals. The MMLPs are planned to foster inter-modal connectivity with inclusions such as dedicated Railway line/Spur, access from prominent Highway/Expressway to allow movement of commercial vehicles and connectivity to an Airport or a Seaport .

Our OA tools and resources allow project developers and corporate electricity consumers to determine open access charges and tariffs for different modes and fuels. Founded in 2011, EKI Energy is one of the leading companies in the carbon credit industry in India. The companys internal control systems are commensurate with the nature of its business and the size and complexity of its operations.


However it is to be noted that in USA, as mentioned above if the Waxman-Markey Bill is adopted, then they will be treated as money. With this background, let’s proceed to understand the taxability of carbon credits in India. As we can see from the above, there is no specific authoritative literature for accounting of carbon credits. This has resulted in divergent schools of thought for accounting and also taxation of the carbon credits across nations. The second option involves using a reverse auction mechanism for the discovery of compensation prices. Corp. engages in the research, development, and manufacturing of biomedical and surgical products. The company was founded by Laurence M. Corash and John E. Hearst on September 19, 1991 and is headquartered in Concord, CA. – Cerus reported on Thursday third quarter erl-15691||earnings that beat analysts’ forecasts and revenue that fell short of expectations.

Trading data for last week from MCX, the largest commodity exchange in India, shows that of the five CFI contracts available on MCX, trading took place only for the December 2008 contract. Open interest on the traded contract reached an all time low of nine contracts on the last three trading days. The price-earnings ratio is a company’s share price to the company’s Earnings per Share.

GDP had contracted 24.4% in the April to June 2020 quarter, followed by a 7.4% shrinkage in the second quarter. It had returned to positive territory in the September to December quarter with a marginal 0.5% johnsons of leeds government and army surplus. FinStar can not be assigned to this company due to its dicey outlook and insufficient data.

  • Cerus Corporation share price live 2.310, this page displays NASDAQ CERS stock exchange data.
  • CEEW-CEF acts as a non-partisan market observer and driver that monitors, develops, tests, and deploys financial solutions to advance the energy transition.
  • Take your analysis to the next level with our full suite of features, known and used by millions throughout the trading world.
  • The management duly considers and takes appropriate action on the recommendations made by the statutory auditors, internal auditors and the independent Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

Repayment of these loans have become a real task particularly when their revenue flows are which are either minimal or nothing due to delays or very long gestation periods. As a result, they are unable to make loan repayments and are branded as Non-Performing Assets by their Lenders. The situation for some companies is very bad because even though their projects/plants are completed/ready for operations, they are unable to operate due to non-availability of natural gas/coal etc. The Clean Energy Challenge seeks to bring businesses, governments and organizations together to provide green and safe energy to forcibly displaced populations. Today, more than 90% of refugees living in rural areas have very limited access to modern, reliable, and clean sources of energy.

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Certified emission reduction units futures are edging out carbon financial instruments on Indian commodity exchanges. Cerus Corporation share price live 2.310, this page displays NASDAQ CERS stock exchange data. View the CERS premarket stock price ahead of the market session or assess the after hours quote. Monitor the latest movements within the Cerus Corporation real time stock price chart below. You can find more details by visiting the additional pages to view historical data, charts, latest news, analysis or visit the forum to view opinions on the CERS quote.

These systems are designed to ensure that all the assets of the Company are safeguarded and protected against any loss and that all the transactions are properly authorized, recorded and reported. The Company has an internal audit function, which is empowered to examine the adequacy and compliance with policies, plans and statutory requirements. The earnings per share at consolidated level for the current year stands at Rs.(4.84) as compared to Rs.(9.46) per equity share of Re.1/- each in the previous year. The earnings per share at standalone level for the current year stands at Rs. (1.31) as compared to Rs. (5.24) per equity share of Re.1/- each in the previous year. This transaction is concluded in all respects on 13th July, 2021 and from that day onwards the airport business is virtually ceased to exist in GVK Group.

Our aim is to bring you news, perspectives and knowledge to prepare you to change the world. There is no amendment to the definition of ‘income’ under section 2 of the ITA. For instance, where the Revenue intended to tax the receipt of property for an inadequate consideration as income, a specific amendment was made to the definition of income.

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